IELTS Writing band 7.0, ini syaratnya…

Menurut data resmi IELTS, orang Indonesia mendapatkan rata-rata overall band 6,5 tapi rata-rata writing band ‘hanya’ 5,5 (listening dan reading 6,5 sementara speaking 6.0). Mengapa nilai writing menjadi nilai paling rendah? Mungkin karena mereka belum baca tulisan ini kali ya…


 

Syarat 1: Writing task 1 dan task 2 harus selesai dalam waktu 1 jam 

Kata ‘selesai’ artinya kalian telah menulis minimal 150 kata (task 1) dan 250 kata (task 2), dan tulisan kalian tersusun ke dalam introduction, body, summary/conclusion. Ini penting karena jika kalian ‘tidak selesai,’ nilai kalian akan dikurangi sehingga akan sulit sekali untuk mendapatkan writing band 7,0. Semakin banyak kekurangan kata, semakin besar penalti yang diberikan. Jadi, latih kecepatan menulis tangan kalian (dengan pensil ya, bukan pulpen), misalnya dengan target 200 kata untuk task 1 dan 300 kata untuk task 2 agar kalian mampu memenuhi syarat minimal kata saat tes nanti.

Syarat 2: Nilai writing task 1 dan task 2 harus 7,0

IELTS writing task 1 dan task 2 dinilai berdasarkan empat assessment criteria yang sama, yaitu, Task Achievement/Response, Coherence and Cohesion, Lexical Resources, Grammatical Range and Accuracy. Keempat kriteria tersebut memiliki bobot yang sama (25%), yang artinya kalian harus mendapatkan band 7,0 di setiap kriteria tersebut. Caranya? Pahami dulu rubrik penilaian berikut ini:

Task 1: Task Achievement

  • covers the requirements of the task
  • presents a clear overview of main trends, differences or stages
  • clearly presents and highlights key features/bullet points but could be more fully extended

Task 2: Task Response

  • addresses all parts of the task
  • presents a clear position throughout the response
  • presents, extends and supports main ideas, but there may be a tendency to over-generalise and/or supporting ideas may lack focus

Task 1 and Task 2: Coherence and Cohesion

  • logically organises information and ideas; there is clear progression throughout
  • uses a range of cohesive devices appropriately although there may be some under-/over-use
  • presents a clear central topic within each paragraph

Task 1 and Task 2: Lexical Resources

  • uses a sufficient range of vocabulary to allow some flexibility and precision
  • uses less common lexical items with some awareness of style and collocation
  • may produce occasional errors in word choice, spelling and/or word formation

Task 1 and Task 2: Grammatical Range and Accuracy

  • uses a variety of complex structures
  • produces frequent error-free sentences
  • has good control of grammar and punctuation but may make a few errors

Bahasa rubriknya sulit dipahami, bukan? Ingat, rubrik itu dibuat untuk dibaca oleh penilai atau guru, jadi wajar jika bahasanya kompleks. Sederhananya, tulisan kalian harus menjawab pertanyaan yang diberikan dengan ide yang relevan (1), memiliki sistematika yang baik sehingga hubungan antar kalimat dan paragraf jelas (2), menggunakan vocabulary (3) dan grammar (4) yang cukup kompleks namun tetap mudah dibaca dan dipahami.

(di Realia Inggris, rubrik tersebut akan disederhanakan menjadi checklist yang mudah dipahami oleh murid sehingga mereka tahu apa yang perlu dilakukan untuk mendapatkan nilai 7.0 di IELTS writing).


Terlihat sulit? Memang. IELTS band 7 memang memerlukan komitmen untuk belajar secara reguler, baik belajar sendiri maupun belajar dengan guru atau tutor.

Sudah paham syaratnya? Jika belum, tanyakan melalui kolom komentar di bawah ini. Informasi tentang IELTS Preparation di Realia Inggris bisa kalian baca DI SINI.

Have fun with IELTS!

 

 

 

  1. Just a small correction, to say that 4 of the band descriptors are valued the same is not fully correct. Task Achievement, is the key here. It is impossible for a candidate to get even an acceptable score in writing if the Task Achievement criteria is not fulfilled. Secondly Cohesion and Coherence will follow right after TA, to complement the whole picture.

    Grammatical Range and Accuracy and finally Lexical Resource would help to improve the scoring. However, a candidate might get straight 9 for C&C, GRA and LR, but, should he failed the TA, the final result wouldn’t even achieve 6.

    So it is crucial to focus on the idea and build from there. Make sure the development is logical to comply with the C&C, and polish your GRA and LR to achieve a good score.

    Cheers..

    “Realians yang mursal dan kangen dengan Realia”

    Reply

    1. Hi, Bono

      While, based on our own research, we agree with your opinion regarding TA/TR and CC, IELTS official documents for public clearly state that all the four criteria weigh the same at 25% each. If you could show us the evidence to support your opinion, that’d be fantastic.
      We couldn’t agree more with the rest of your argument.

      Reply

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